|Kristinestad Municipality in|
Those who were amazed decided that the 200 or so artifacts, more than 600 waste items and numerous instances of burnt stones indicate that Neanderthals, who did not, according to most estimates, live in Scandinavia and other parts of northern Europe, showed that Neanderthals belonging to this Mousterian Culture had been in fact, living in Wolf Cave at around 130,000 BC. This find would completely altar the understanding of Neanderthals and their environment. However, it gets even better.
The site has been excavated over and over again since the initial finds in 96. They've identified 8 archeological layers. Some of the earliest layers have produced (to the amazed, not to the bewildered experts) evidence of Clactonian activity. Did you just read what I said??? CLACTONIAN!! OMG! CLACTONIAN. I had to Google Clactonian when I was reading the article about this archeological site. I hadn't the slightest idea what it was. But, the Clactonian was a culture (much like the Mousterian or any subsequent Early Modern human culture we've covered here and on the podcast), but not one of modern humans or even Neanderthals. The Clactonian Culture was a culture produced by Homo Erectus dating back to 400,000 years ago.
But, as I said, those who were amazed by these findings have found themselves rebuffed by other experts. Some of the arguments against the notion of Wolf Cave being a Mousterian culture site have been put forward by other Scandinavian archeologists, geologists and anthropologists. Let's face it, unless you're Indiana Jones, all archeologists are anthropologists and all anthropologists are archeologists, unless the anthropologist decides to get lazy and never do any actual digging. But, we've wandered off topic. Back to the dissenting views. Basically there is a an anthropological objection, a geological objection and an archeological objection to Wolf Cave showing the earliest humanoid activity in Scandinavia.
The anthropological argument against Wolf Cave's veracity is that the objects found in the cave don't look much like the classic Mousterian evidence found in France, Spain and Germany (where a lot of Neanderthal sites are). This suggests that the culture of Wolf Cave was independent of the Mousterian. The archeological argument against Wolf Cave is that the "artifacts" are not man made and just a natural phenomena of a somewhat coincidental and odd nature. Basically, that might look like an axe, but its just a piece of rock that's been sitting under pressure for a couple million years. Lastly, the geological argument against Wolf Cave is that the cave where all the artifacts was in fact, under water 130,000 years ago meaning that the artifacts found from the layer dating to this period could not have been manmade.
There is however a simple solution. While Wolf Cave has remained controversial and disputable since it was found in 1996, we here at the History of Europe Podcast Blog are about to right the ship. We shall change the disputable to indisputable, the questionable to the unquestioned and the ludicrous to the ridiculous, as in ridiculously good-looking theoretical archeo-anthropological geologism that we will become famous for someday. So here it is:
BTW, the Snorks were way better than the Smurfs. I saw the Smurfs movie in Spanish, called Los Pitufos. 'Twas una peliícula de porquería! Vive los Snorks!